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New York Genealogy

Guide to Genealogical Resources for research in New York State


Vital records are those relating to the major life events birth, marriage, and death.  Official vital records are regulated at the state level, and availability for genealogical research varies tremendously from state to state.  Vital record substitutes are those records which may give us similar information about birth, marriage, and death, but which are not official state records. These records not only give us information about the event itself, but often may provide information about other family members, particularly parents, children, and spouses.

Official Record Dates

New York State did not start maintaining vital records for birth, marriage, and death until 1880.  Even then, compliance was slow until as late as 1913, and early records may be incomplete.

Related Guides

Vital Records

New York State Vital Records.

Neither New York State vital records, nor the indexes to the vital records are available online.  Vital records for New York State outside of New York City are held by the New York State Department of Health.  Indexes to these records are on microfiche at select area public libraries, and must be consulted in person.  The Rochester Public Library and Onondaga County Public Library (Central Library) are the nearest locations. 

Vital records might also be available from city, town, or county clerks in New York State for a fee.  Consult web sites for the city, town, and/or county of interest for additional details on holdings for genealogical research.

Vital records for New York City are held by the New York City Municipal Archives; copies may be ordered for a fee. 

For more details, see:

New York State Archives - Birth, Marriage, and Death Records

New York Department of Health - Genealogy Records and Resources

New York City Municipal Archives - Vital Records Collection

Rochester Public Library - NYS Vital Records


Additional Resoruces.

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