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Elizabeth Blackwell


Historic Newspapers

Newspaper articles are a great resource as they contain so much information and can be considered a primary or secondary source depending on several factors including (but not limited to) who wrote the article and how much time has passed in relation to the person or event about which the article is written.


Listed here are only a few of the numerous books written about Elizabeth Blackwell.

Additional Online Resources

Many of the resources that have been shared in other areas of this guide have had digital components to them. In addition to these resources, digital exhibits and credible websites can also be useful.

Digital Exhibits

Related Guides

Why Cite Sources?

Citations are an important aspect of every research paper: 

  • Credit must be given to the original author or creator of a source or it could be considered plagiarism
  • Anyone reading your paper must have the correct information to locate the sources you referenced
  • Using and citing a variety of sources in your paper adds to the credibility of your research by showing that the ideas included are shared or supported by others

Just for Fun

Next Steps

There are many tips and tricks to make the researching process easier and more successful, such as:

  • Organize your research as you go. You don't want to find yourself in a situation where you have great information but can't remember which facts came from where.
  • Evaluate your sources. Some sources may be more reliable than others. Some sources may be more valuable to your specific research topic. Try not to rely too heavily on any one source; a well-researched paper will include information from many sources.
  • Identify research gaps. You may find that you think you are done researching only to discover otherwise once you try to start writing your paper. If you identify gaps in your information or research, try to identify additional resources that might help fill some of these gaps.

Remember, research is not a linear process—more than likely you will find that your first round of research has left some gaps or uncovered new questions to answer and paths to follow. Seek more sources that answer these questions and follow these paths, and you will be well on your way to a well-researched paper.